To the northwest and north of Beijing, a
huge, serrated wall zigzags it's way to the east and west
along the undulating mountains, this is the Great Wall. Construction
of the Great Wall started in the 7th century B.C. The vassal
states under the Zhou Dynasty in the northern parts of the
country each built their own walls for defence purposes. After
the state of Qin unified China in 221 B.C., it joined the
walls to hold off the invaders from the Xiongnu tribes in
the north and extended them to more than 10,000 li or 5,000
kilometers. This is the origin of the name Of the "10,000-li
The Great Wall was renovated from time to
time after the Qin Dynasty. A major renovation started with
the founding of the Ming Dynasty in 1368, and took 200 years
to complete. The wall we see today is almost exactly the result
of this effort. With a total length of over 6,000 kilometers,
it extends to the jiayu Pass in Gansu Province in the west
and to the mouth of the Yalu River in Liaoning Province in
the east. What lies north of Beijing is but a small section
Wall is the site of the most visited section of the Great
Wall of China, approximately 50 miles (80 km) northwest of
urban Beijing city in Yanqing County, which is within the
Beijing municipality. The portion of the wall running through
the site was built during the Ming Dynasty, along with a military
outpost reflecting the location's strategic importance. The
highest point of Badaling is Beibalou, approximately 0.63
miles (1,015 m) above sea level. The portion of the wall at
Badaling has undergone heavy restoration, and in 1957 it was
the first section of the wall to open to tourists. Now visited
annually by millions, the immediate area has seen significant
development, including hotels, restaurants, and a cable car.
Wall is a section of the Great Wall of China located in
Huairou County 70km northeast of Beijing. The Mutianyu section
of the Great Wall is connected with Jiankou in the west and
Lianhuachi and Jinshanling in the east. As one of the best-preserved
parts of the Great Wall, the Mutianyu section of the Great
Wall used to serve as the northern barrier defending the capital
and the imperial tombs. First built in the mid-6th century
during the Northern Qi, Mutianyu Great Wall is older than
the Badaling section of the Great Wall. Compared with other
sections of Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall possesses unique
characteristics in its construction.
- Watchtowers are densely placed along
this section of the Great Wall - 22 watchtowers on this
- Both the outer and inner parapets are
crenelated with merlons, so that shots could be fired at
the enemy on both sides - a feature very rare on other parts
of the Great Wall.
- The Mutianyu Pass consists of 3 watchtowers,
one big in the center and two smaller on both sides. Standing
on the same terrace, the three watchtowers are connected
to each other inside and compose a rarely seen structure
among all sections of Great Wall.
Besides, this section of Great Wall is surrounded
by woodland and streams. The forest-coverage rate is over
Great Wall or Juyong Pass is located in an 18 kilometer-long
valley named "Guangou" which is inside Changping County more
than 50 kilometers from Beijing City. It is one of the three
greatest passes of the Great Wall of China. The other two
passes are Jiayuguan and Shanhaiguan.
Wall and Jinshanling
Great Wall are linked. People can choose the two put together
or any of the two for hiking. You may have one day tour of
Simatai or Jinshanling, or hikng from Jinshanling to Simatai.
The hike between Jinshanling and Simatai takes about 4 hours
with 12 kms. Both Jinshanling Great Wall and Simatai Great
Wall has less forestry with little trees on the mountain.
So the bald mountains make the Great Wall much exposed and
they look much more gorgeous! Also the two sections of the
Wall, especially the Simatai Great Wall is a little dangerous
Great Wall and Jiankou
Great Wall are wild sections of the Great Wall. "Wild"
means the these sections of the wall are yet not open to the
public with little safety measures taken by local tourism
departments concerned. Hiking on the Jiankou Great Wall is
not legal! Jiankou Great Wall hike is not protected by local
tourism administration. We suggest you choose the Mutianyu
Great Wall instead of the Jiankou Great Wall.
& distance from Beijing city center
Ming Dynasty appearance
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"