Before 1840, Shanghai has been obscure,
ancient because of China's strict restrictions on maritime
trade, Shanghai's strategic location is a dead end, but tucked
away in the corner. However, after the signing of the Treaty
of Nanking, China's urban pattern has reversed: the Qing dynasty
was forced to open doors, Shanghai's location advantages:
here is the estuary of the Yangtze River, is the midpoint
along China's coast, next to the rich, cultural blend of Jiangsu
At this historical juncture, Guangzhou
patriotism burst, setting off a 20-year refusal of foreigners
moving into the city. Therefore induced the second opium war,
but winning the foreign traders who consciously bored or has
moved to Hong Kong, either go to Shanghai. Without batting
an eye, the title of largest trade center and economic center
in the far East, being crowned in Guangzhou to Shanghai.
As early as 1870, the city Shanghai has
become China's biggest stars. Modern hotels, schools, as well
as electric lights, elevators, tap, ballroom dancing, private
cars, newspapers, modern printing technology gadgets, from
Shanghai in China. 1926 Bandit style Chang Tso-Lin in Beijing
Beijing intellectuals moved south, the commercial Press book
and under the support of a large number of free audible newspaper,
Shanghai has become China's cultural center. To the Republic
of China capital in Nanjing, Tianjin, Shanghai alternative
political backyard. At that time toward the dignitaries during
infighting in Nanjing, and arrived in Shanghai at the weekend
debauchery. At this point, Shanghai's prosperity to the extreme,
known as the largest city in the far East, Eastern Paris.
Since 1927 after losing his position as
the capital of Beijing, the economic situation even worse
than Tianjin, only there are advantages of culture and education.
As regards prices, long overtaken by Shanghai. When Lu Xun
lived in Beijing, a month or you can buy a small courtyard,
four or five months ' earnings can buy a set of three large
courtyards. But in China
Shanghai tour, high income, but he can only rent the House.
After 1949 under the Executive power leveling,
culture, press, publishing companies and talents in Shanghai
Shu moved north the capital. But don't think that Shanghai
was much aggrieved, because more richly rewarded come soon:
"scissors" era has arrived. New China imitating
the Soviet Union, to speed up industrialization to mobilize
national capital, will set a high commodity prices, agricultural
prices are very low, this is known as the "scissors".
In 1949, while Shanghai is China's major
cities, but this is not the first major provinces, when Shanghai's
GDP ranks after Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Liaoning and Hebei.
Through the "scissors" privileges, Shanghai's rise,
to the eve of 1978 years of reform and opening up, Shanghai
is China's first GDP "provinces", whereas Jiangsu,
Sichuan, Liaoning, Shandong, and Guangdong. In other words,
in the 1870 's to the 1970 's, Shanghai was China's Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region, every dynasty, every regime,
voluntarily or were forced from their point of view and a
unique position in Shanghai.
In 1952, when Shanghai's GDP is 3.666 billion
yuan, Beijing was 788 million Yuan, Beijing, Shanghai is 4.65