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Home >> Shanghai



Before 1840, Shanghai has been obscure, ancient because of China's strict restrictions on maritime trade, Shanghai's strategic location is a dead end, but tucked away in the corner. However, after the signing of the Treaty of Nanking, China's urban pattern has reversed: the Qing dynasty was forced to open doors, Shanghai's location advantages: here is the estuary of the Yangtze River, is the midpoint along China's coast, next to the rich, cultural blend of Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

At this historical juncture, Guangzhou patriotism burst, setting off a 20-year refusal of foreigners moving into the city. Therefore induced the second opium war, but winning the foreign traders who consciously bored or has moved to Hong Kong, either go to Shanghai. Without batting an eye, the title of largest trade center and economic center in the far East, being crowned in Guangzhou to Shanghai.

As early as 1870, the city Shanghai has become China's biggest stars. Modern hotels, schools, as well as electric lights, elevators, tap, ballroom dancing, private cars, newspapers, modern printing technology gadgets, from Shanghai in China. 1926 Bandit style Chang Tso-Lin in Beijing Beijing intellectuals moved south, the commercial Press book and under the support of a large number of free audible newspaper, Shanghai has become China's cultural center. To the Republic of China capital in Nanjing, Tianjin, Shanghai alternative political backyard. At that time toward the dignitaries during infighting in Nanjing, and arrived in Shanghai at the weekend debauchery. At this point, Shanghai's prosperity to the extreme, known as the largest city in the far East, Eastern Paris.

Since 1927 after losing his position as the capital of Beijing, the economic situation even worse than Tianjin, only there are advantages of culture and education. As regards prices, long overtaken by Shanghai. When Lu Xun lived in Beijing, a month or you can buy a small courtyard, four or five months ' earnings can buy a set of three large courtyards. But in China Shanghai tour, high income, but he can only rent the House.

After 1949 under the Executive power leveling, culture, press, publishing companies and talents in Shanghai Shu moved north the capital. But don't think that Shanghai was much aggrieved, because more richly rewarded come soon: "scissors" era has arrived. New China imitating the Soviet Union, to speed up industrialization to mobilize national capital, will set a high commodity prices, agricultural prices are very low, this is known as the "scissors".

In 1949, while Shanghai is China's major cities, but this is not the first major provinces, when Shanghai's GDP ranks after Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Liaoning and Hebei. Through the "scissors" privileges, Shanghai's rise, to the eve of 1978 years of reform and opening up, Shanghai is China's first GDP "provinces", whereas Jiangsu, Sichuan, Liaoning, Shandong, and Guangdong. In other words, in the 1870 's to the 1970 's, Shanghai was China's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, every dynasty, every regime, voluntarily or were forced from their point of view and a unique position in Shanghai.

In 1952, when Shanghai's GDP is 3.666 billion yuan, Beijing was 788 million Yuan, Beijing, Shanghai is 4.65 times!

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