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Home >> Beijing axis travel information and tour

Beijing axis

Beijing axis

Beijing axis is the axis of the Ming and Qing Beijing, Beijing's urban planning has to Miyagi-centered symmetrical features, many buildings were built in the axis of symmetry, known as the central axis. South axis of Beijing from Yongding Gate, north bell tower, straight-line distance of about 7.8 km.

People travel to Beijing, Beijing may be interested in the many names: there Dongzhimen, there Xizhimen; the East 4, West Fourth there; have Dongdan, there Xidan; the East side, west side door there ; have left Tiananmen Square, Tiananmen Square have the right ... This is how it happened?

It turned out that there are two well-known Beijing axis.

Background

Ancient Beijing urban construction, the most prominent achievements is the center of Beijing to Miyagi-style pattern to the heart and from Yongding Gate to the clock tower in the long axis of 7.8 km of the city, which is the world's urban construction history's most outstanding examples of urban design one. Chinese architect Liang was in praise of this axis is "an up to eight kilometers, the world's longest, has the greatest north-south axis through the city, Beijing's unique splendor of order on the establishment of this axis generated; after ups and downs, symmetrical shape or space to which the allocation is based on the central axis; spirit of the magnificent North and South in this extension, always in the end of the scale. "

Origin

Beijing's central axis from the relatively clear in the Jin Dynasty, a Okimichi abundance throughout the city should be outside the door, Imperial doors and Miyagi positive publicity should be days of door. Yuan Dynasty, Beijing travel to the official formation of the axis, position in the center line of this old Drum Tower Street and the south extension line, across the liquid pool is too central east coast of Miyagi, leading to the main entrance outside the city center of Korea. The Ming Dynasty, rulers in Beijing axis moved eastward 150 meters, the final formation of the current pattern.

The establishment of central axis, the purpose is to emphasize the centrality of the feudal emperors, as the Chinese name, meaning "the world center of the country" the same. The overall layout of the city to a central axis, left for the Imperial Ancestral Temple, the right of the boat altar; in front of the court, behind the market, the "left ancestral Right Society", "former outlook", Beijing urban layout therefore become the world's most splendid cities.

Location

South axis of Beijing city from outside the Yongding, the inner city Zhengyangmen, China Gate, Tiananmen Square, side door, the Meridian Gate, Gate of Supreme Harmony, through the Hall of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony, Hall of Preserving Harmony, Palace of Heavenly Purity, Kunning, Shenwu, long live the Mountain Man King across the pavilion, life Imperial Palace, the Drum Tower, leading to the center of the clock tower. This four-fold axis attached to the city, that is outside the city, inner city, the Imperial City and Forbidden City, Beijing is like the backbone, clearly highlight the position of seventh palace, ranks among the world reflects the feudal emperors "overweening" thinking.

 

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Beijing Zoo
Confucian Temple
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Tanzhe Temple
Fragrant Hills Park
798 Art Zone
Aquatics Center "Water Cube"
National Stadium "Bird's Nest"

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