Beijing axis is the axis of the Ming
and Qing Beijing, Beijing's urban planning has to Miyagi-centered
symmetrical features, many buildings were built in the axis of symmetry,
known as the central axis. South axis of Beijing from Yongding Gate,
north bell tower, straight-line distance of about 7.8 km.
People travel to Beijing, Beijing may be interested
in the many names: there Dongzhimen, there Xizhimen; the East 4,
West Fourth there; have Dongdan, there Xidan; the East side, west
side door there ; have left Tiananmen Square, Tiananmen Square have
the right ... This is how it happened?
It turned out that there are two well-known Beijing
Ancient Beijing urban construction, the most prominent
achievements is the center of Beijing to Miyagi-style pattern to
the heart and from Yongding Gate to the clock tower in the long
axis of 7.8 km of the city, which is the world's urban construction
history's most outstanding examples of urban design one. Chinese
architect Liang was in praise of this axis is "an up to eight
kilometers, the world's longest, has the greatest north-south axis
through the city, Beijing's unique splendor of order on the establishment
of this axis generated; after ups and downs, symmetrical shape or
space to which the allocation is based on the central axis; spirit
of the magnificent North and South in this extension, always in
the end of the scale. "
Beijing's central axis from the relatively clear
in the Jin Dynasty, a Okimichi abundance throughout the city should
be outside the door, Imperial doors and Miyagi positive publicity
should be days of door. Yuan Dynasty, Beijing
travel to the official formation of the axis, position in the
center line of this old Drum Tower Street and the south extension
line, across the liquid pool is too central east coast of Miyagi,
leading to the main entrance outside the city center of Korea. The
Ming Dynasty, rulers in Beijing axis moved eastward 150 meters,
the final formation of the current pattern.
The establishment of central axis, the purpose
is to emphasize the centrality of the feudal emperors, as the Chinese
name, meaning "the world center of the country" the same.
The overall layout of the city to a central axis, left for the Imperial
Ancestral Temple, the right of the boat altar; in front of the court,
behind the market, the "left ancestral Right Society",
"former outlook", Beijing urban layout therefore become
the world's most splendid cities.
South axis of Beijing city from outside the Yongding,
the inner city Zhengyangmen, China Gate, Tiananmen Square, side
door, the Meridian Gate, Gate of Supreme Harmony, through the Hall
of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony, Hall of Preserving
Harmony, Palace of Heavenly Purity, Kunning, Shenwu, long live the
Mountain Man King across the pavilion, life Imperial Palace, the
Drum Tower, leading to the center of the clock tower. This four-fold
axis attached to the city, that is outside the city, inner city,
the Imperial City and Forbidden City, Beijing is like the backbone,
clearly highlight the position of seventh palace, ranks among the
world reflects the feudal emperors "overweening" thinking.
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"