Beijing, whence the
land of splendor and magnificence?
an ancient city of a long history, people enjoy not
only her scenic attractions and historical sites but
admire rather her picturesque landscape of beauty and
magnificence as well. Edging the sea to the left and
linking up with Taihang Mountains on the right Beijing
is adjacent to the Inner Mongolian Grassland by the
northwest while she gazes into the North China Plain
in the due south. Near at hand, she's embraced on three
sides by high mountains with peaks towering in the vicinities
to help form a little plain in the middle, which shaping
like a bay is known as "Beijing Bay". Flowing
in the bosom of the bay are the three watercourses:
the one on the west being called Yongding, the other
by the east known as Chaobai while that flowing in the
middle is the Wenyu River. Watering the expanse of fertile
land, they are nourishing the diligent and wise people
living here in the bosom of the bay. No wonder ever
since ancient times Beijing has been eulogized as a
"land of abundance" and a "sacred capital"
with people of great intelligence and a charming landscape.
the terrain of extreme beauty and splendid magnificence
of Beijing? This must be dealt with by way of a strong
movement of the earth's crust occurred from 170 to 90
million years ago, namely the "Orogeny of Yanshan"
in topographical terms. It is the earth movement that
has brought about the immense changes from the sea into
the mulberry fields. The formerly depressed areas of
lakes and rivers were suddenly turned into high mountains
while the original mountains and highlands sank into
depressions of lakes, rivers and wetlands with rocks
being turned and twisted into folds and ruptures, forming
a number of faults big and small on land, such as the
faults of Changping and Niulanshan, Huangzhuang and
Gaoliying and that of Nankou and Sunhe and the Beijing
Depression as well. It was thus that the skeleton of
Beijing terrain came by and by into being, forming the
initial shape of a "Beijing Bay". Still later,
about 40 million years afterwards, here Happened again
another strong movement of the earth's crust, namely
the "Himalaya Orogenesis", which made the
Beijing depression to sink greatly downwards. However,
in the meantime the great amount of sediments and sand
soil brought over by the upheaval of the earth's crust
and the influx of rivers and streams gradually leveled
the undulating terrain of the "Beijing Bay".
Up to the time of around 3 million year ago an inflow
of the seawater from southeast to the northwest put
the area once into a "Beijing Bay", thus making
the terrain shaped by and large as what it is now.
With the gradual rise of the earth's
crust later on, the "Beijing Sea" returned
to the normal land-shelf again. Besides, the string
erosion of the fourth glacier has left the area a topographical
formation with many cirques and U-shaped valleys. All
these, as time went on were wrought by nature into a
picturesque landscape of magnificence as what we've
Cloud Taoist Temple
Center "Water Cube"
Stadium "Bird's Nest"